William Battie (1703-1776)
was the first physician who made insanity his full work. He wrote a book named "a treatise of madness"...
Johann Reil (1759-1813)
was the first to use the word PSYCHIATRY, and founded the first psychiatric journal. He is considered the founder of rational psychotherapy, recognizing the therapeutic value of institutional surroundings, music, psychodrama, and occupational therapy. He published "Rhapsodies about the application of psychotherapy to mental disturbances (1803)".